Statistics, news & updates: everything you need to know about the IT-Industry in India


  • Summary
  • COVID-19 Impact
  • Industry Clusters
  • Growth Drivers
  • Key Players
  • Market Stats
Technology and Research & Development


  • Information Technology


With over 3.7 million direct jobs, the IT sector is the largest private sector employer in India. There are close to 16,000 IT firms in India. Further, there is an increasing number of start-ups popping up. This is because the Indian market offers cost-effectiveness, high quality, great reliability, quick deliveries and the use of state-of-the-art technologies in the IT Industry. India is a preferred IT destination for many companies. In fact, various international organizations have set up their offices in India. This has led to a great increase in Foreign Direct Investments in India. Moreover, between 2000 and 2016, the IT sector ranked 4th in total FDI inflow in the country.

With approximately 67% of the global market, India is the world’s largest sourcing destination for the IT Industry. More importantly, the industry has led to the economic transformation of the country. Further, it has helped India to make its mark on the global economic map.

COVID Impact

India’s gross expenditure in R&D was forecast to reach US$ 96.50 billion in 2020. By 2022, R&D expenditure is targeted to reach at least 2 percent of the country’s GDP. IT spending in India is estimated to reach US$ 93 billion in 2021 (7.3% YoY growth) and further increase to US$ 98.5 billion in 2022.Covid-19 impacted almost every sector. R&D is no exception. There have also been several compelling lessons learned on how the pandemic had impacted R&D. Some of these learnings would get translated as new norms, practices, and cultures in the future. R&D investment continued to grow in 2020, despite the economic impacts of COVID-19, although at a significantly lower rate than in 2019 and with big differences across industries. India has been able to make some outstanding progress. Success stories have unfolded due to a notable trend emerging in the sharing of purpose, synergy, collaboration and cooperation amongst R&D institutions, academia and industry facilitated by the government. Both the information and communications technology (ICT) and the life sciences industries fared well in 2020, less so in other industries such as transport equipment.

The statistics below are taken from Industry data available pre-Corona virus impact.

Map – Industry Clusters

IT Industry in India

Growth Drivers

  • India is emerging as the hub for digital skills.
  • In February 2019, the Government of India released the National Policy on Software Products 2019 to develop India as a software product nation.
  • In May 2019, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched the MeitY Startup Hub (MSH) portal.
  • The Information Technology industry is the largest private sector employer; employing around 4 million people.
  • India’s IT-BPM industry accounts for 55% of the global outsourcing market size.
  • Spending on information technology in India is close to US$ 90 billion in 2019.

Key Players in India


  • Cognizant, IBM, Google, Microsoft, Accenture, Dell, Apple Inc., SAP, Oracle Corporation, Capgemini


  • Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Tech Mahindra, HCL Technologies, Larsen & Toubro Infotech

Market Stats

  • The IT-BPM industry stood at $ 177 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow to $ 350 billion by 2025.
  • IT-BPM growth is estimated to expand at a CAGR of 9.1%.
  • The IT-BPM industry is the largest contributor to the total exports of the country, with 43% of the IT-BPM services being exported in 2018.
  • IT sector contributes 7.7% to India’s GDP.
  • IT industry ranks on 3rd position in terms of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) share.
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