With a population of 1.3 billion, the healthcare system in India is highly inadequate to provide quality infrastructure and manpower. As per The Global Burden of Disease study published in the medical journal Lancet in 2018, India is at 145th position among 195 countries in terms of healthcare access and quality index. India scored 41.2 viz a viz the global mean value of over 60. It is far lesser compared to some of the neighboring countries including Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
One of the major reasons for India’s vulnerability is the lack of adequate resources. At 3.6% of GDP, the country’s spending on healthcare is among the lowest. As per The National Health Profile 2019 report, India’s public expenditure on health has been less than 1.3% of the GDP for many years. Besides, it also states that the country’s public investment is also very low. In fact, it is lower than in some of the low-income countries. Apart from the above, government spending on healthcare in India is poor. Owing to this, the out of pocket health expenditure for households is extraordinarily high accounting for 65% of all health expenditures.
In order to combat the impact of COVID-19 on the healthcare sector in India, the government has declared allocation of Rs. 15,000 crore to improve healthcare facilities.