Environmental Industry in India

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The Indian waste management market is witnessing a healthy growth rate, owing to the high population density and increased industrial activity, which is generating high amounts of wastes, both hazardous and non-hazardous.The circular economy concept is relatively new to India. However, the concept is gaining prominence. The Indian waste management industry offers huge potential, as only 30% of the 75% recyclable waste is being recycled currently. Shortage of proper policies for the collection, disposal, and recycling and the lack of efficient infrastructure are few of the many reasons leading to poor waste management in the country. Many startups in the environment industry are coming up with innovative ideas to manage wastes, as well as convert them into valuable resources.

Covid Impact
The economic shutdown under the Covid-19 pandemic has had two monumental impacts on our environment. It has improved our air and water quality dramatically and slashed our material consumption, water usage, and waste production. According to a Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) analysis of 115 Indian cities. The CPCB monitored the cities between March 16 and April 15, 2020. The air quality index (AQI) of 78 percent of cities was ‘good’ and ‘satisfactory’ during lockdown as compared to 44 percent of cities in the pre-lockdown phase. The drop could be attributed to, restricted vehicle movement, halt on construction activities, less road dust resuspension, and curb on industrial activities. Yet the environment has witnessed the perils of the COVID outbreak. There has been a huge upsurge of medical waste- as the products used by the healthcare professionals are generally single-use items that can be worn only once before they are being disposed of. According to the data shared by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), India generated over 18,000 tonnes of COVID-related bio-medical waste between June and September in 2020. This includes personal protective equipment (PPE), gloves, face masks, head cover, plastic coverall, hazmat suit, syringes among other gears, and medical equipment used by both healthcare providers and patients. On average, India generated about 183 tonnes of COVID-related bio-medical waste per day in September. Back in June, the figure stood at 101 tonnes per day. This quantity is in addition to the regular bio-medical waste generation of about 609 MT per day (as of June 2020).  
Water and Waste Water Treatment:
The COVID pandemic has had a seismic effect on the Indian Economy. In India, more than 38,000 million liters of untreated sewage are discharged daily into the rivers due to the limited sewage treatment capacity, which can treat only 38% of the sewage generated (CPCB, 2015). Wastewater Based Epidemiology (WBE) has increasingly been employed as a complementary monitoring mechanism to identify the population-wide infection for early warning, which indicates the virus spread in the communities On the basis of segment, the chemicals segment is expected to hold a significant global water and waste water treatment market share during the forecast period. Covid pandemic has increased demand on water supply and waste-water-management systems. This is due to the high demand for chemicals to remove harmful substances such as hydrogen peroxide and other contaminants from wastewater. Humanitarian response infrastructure, such as building/improving water services and providing additional water supply points, have quickly upscaled during the Covid pandemic. In the least developed countries, for example, 22% of healthcare facilities have no water service, 21% have no sanitation service and 22% have no waste-management service.

Growth Drivers

  • The growing economies across the globe are observing an increase in urban population, therefore a rise in per capita income level and increasing consumption level.
  • Besides India growing on similar grounds, increase in purchasing power has led to more affordability and accessibility of the resources that increased the levels of municipal as well as industrial wastes across the Indian states.
  • Further close to 62 MT waste is generated on an annual basis which will increase by two times by 2030.
  • In fact NTPC to set up about 100 waste-to-energy pollution-free plants across the country
  • India has the potential to generate approximately 3 GW of electricity from waste by 2050
  • The government allows 100% FDI under the automatic route for urban infrastructure areas including waste management subject to relevant rules and regulations
  • Additionally, Central government has been implementing Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, emphasizing waste management at different stages of generation, collection and disposal. It will in addition to provide boost to the environmental industry.
  • Municipal solid waste management sector in India is projected to see capital and O&M requirement of close to USD 65 Billion by 2030
  • Furthermore, India has the potential to generate approximately 90 Million Tonnes/Year of waste by 2030-2032
  • Besides high population growth, changing lifestyles is actually increasing the waste volumes in India

Key Players in India


  • PVR
  • Dainik Bhaskar Corp
  • Eros International Media Ltd
  • Den Networks
  • Inox
  • TV 18
  • Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd.
  • HT Media, & also
  • M2K


  • Walt Disney (DIS)
  • AT & T (ATT)
  • Comcast Corp (CMCSA)
  • Charter Communications (CHTR)
  • Twenty – Fire Century Fox Inc.
  • CBS Corporation
  • Thomson Reuters (TRI), and
  • DISH Network Corporation (DISH)
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